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"Abelard, Heloise, Bernard, and Hildegard were harbingers of change in Western Europe that would long shape the modern world’s understanding of love. Bernard’s Christian faith, loving and yearning, pastoral and kind, had a Janus face of hatred for the “other” that sanctified killing for God as a form of love and exalted self-abasement as true love. Hildegard’s affirmations of incarnation, the greening of the soul, could be glimpsed in cloistered life, but it could not overcome the horrors of the age. She held the beauty of Christ suspended beyond Bernard’s world of Eros and Mars, until it could be fulfilled in the future. Abelard’s scholasticism and use of logic were the first glimpse of education independent of the church; at the same time, his ideal of self-sacrificing love as the highest Christian moral achievement encouraged victims to acquiesce to violence in passive, forgiving love. Heloise stood in a long line of Christian dissenters who rejected the worship of violence, the demonizing of sexuality, and the valorization of suffering. She offered a love grounded in honesty, mutual care, obligation, and responsible uses of power."    - Rita Nakashima Brock & Rev. Dr. Rebecca Parkera ; Saving Paradise: How Christianity Traded Love of This World for Crucifixion and Empire, p. 305

"The problem of suffering has haunted me for a very long time. It was what made me begin to think about religion when I was young, and it was what let me to question my faith when I was older. Ultimately, it was the reason I lost my faith."    - Bart Ehrman ; God’s Problem

"It is true, if surprising, that those who accept historical crosses in the most radical way and make the least attempt to glorify them, those who least get used to them and least accept 'cheap' answers to the question of theodicy, are the ones who most seriously commit themselves to suppressing historical crosses. "    - Jon Sobrino ; Jesus the Liberator

"This is the question about the ultimate meaning of history and the question of theodicy: how can a good and powerful God be reconciled withe the horrors of history. And, once more, it is not appropriate to rush in with the well-known theoretical answers to these questions: God puts things right in another life; God brings good out of evil, God respects human freedom, because otherwise the metaphysical monstrousness would be even greater. It is good to try and find relief from a scandalized reason, but it is bad if this relief should eliminate the scandal."    - Jon Sobrino ; Jesus the Liberator

"Suffering in itself has no meaning; the only suffering that has any meaning is the suffering we accept in the fight against suffering."    - Jon Sobrino ; Jesus the Liberator

God saw what was going on with Israel. God understood.

   - Moses the prophet ; Exodus 2.25,The Message

Faith is born out of suffering, and suffering is faith's most powerful contradiction. This is the Christian dilemma. The only meaningful Christian response is to resist unjust suffering and to accept the painful consequence of that resistance.    - James H. Cone ; God of the Oppressed

The ultimate source of all evil is found in the will of free agents rather than in God.

   - Greg Boyd ; God of the Possible

I again saw under the sun that the race is not to the swift and the battle is not to the warriors, and neither is bread to the wise nor wealth to the discerning nor favor to men of ability; for time and chance happens to everyone.

   - Solomon the Wise ; Ecclesiastes 9:11

The problem of evil is the most powerful objection to traditional theism.

   - Richard Swinburne ; Oxford Companion to Philosophy

Now God can create free creatures, but He can’t cause or determine them to do only what is right. For if He does so, then they aren’t significantly free after all.

   - Alvin Plantinga ; God, Freedom, and Evil

God is not the author of evil. He was, however, the author of his creatures’ capacity to choose between good and evil. Freedom to do good, which brings good consequences, cannot exist without the corresponding freedom to do evil, which brings suffering. If loving God really means something, then the choice to follow him must be real and meaningful.

   - Randy Alcorn ; If God is Good

The answer to the problem of evil and suffering is not a philosophy, but a Person; not words, but the Word.

   - Randy Alcorn ; If God is Good: Faith in the Midst of Suffering and Evil

Unless we wrestle with this question of pain and suffering, we not only cut ourselves off from understanding the central Christian mystery; we trivialize the gospel which meets the world at its point of deepest need.

   - N.T Wright ; Mark for Everyone

If a good God made the world, why has it gone wrong?

   - C.S. Lewis ; Mere Christianity

A reporter asked Mother Teresa, "When a baby dies alone in a Calcutta alley, where is God?" Her response? "God is there, suffering with that baby. The question really is where are you?"

   - John G. Stackhouse Jr. ; Can God Be Trusted?

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