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"Roughly two hundred years separate the two greatest apologetic works of early Christianity against the classical world: Origen's Contra Celsum and St. Augustine's City of God. During these two hundred years a crucially important change has taken place in the Christian attitude to war. Origen took for granted that the Christian is a pacifist. Augustine, on the contrary, pleads with the soldier Boniface not to retire to the monastery but to remain in the army and do his duty, defending the North African cities menaced by barbarian tribes . . . When Augustine developed his theories of the 'just war,' barbarians were at the gates of the city of Hippo, where he was bishop . . . St. Augustine is, for better or for worse, the Father of all modern Christian thought on war."    - Thomas Merton ; Peace in the Post-Christian Era, p.39-41

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